Eating disorders and disordered eating in the LGBTQ population
Bouman, Walter P.
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An overall increased prevalence of eating disorders psychopathology has been reported among the LGBTQ population, particularly among gay men. For some transgender people transitioning post puberty, pressure to conform to a social gender role with the body of their assigned gender may precipitate body dissatisfaction and eating disorders as a consequence. For gay men in particular, trying to conform to specific roles, and the effect of the media, may also affect body dissatisfaction. In addition, concurrent mental health problems such as anxiety and depression may make the LGBTQ population more vulnerable to developing eating disorders. Helpful interventions for eating disorders in the LGBTQ population include addressing the maintaining factors of the eating disorder through therapy; improving interpersonal skills; and considering specific themes for this population, such as coming out, fears of rejection, and personal/societal acceptance.