Non-cognitive adverse effects of ECT
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Before effective treatments for depression were available many people admitted to hospital died. After the introduction of ECT, the proportion of patients in psychiatric hospitals with depression who died in hospital fell from about 15% to 2% (Slater, 1951). Although ECT is a potentially hazardous treatment, the alternatives are not free from risk (Coupland et al., 2011) and untreated depression carries a high morbidity and mortality.