Personality disorders and offending
Howard, Richard C.
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Personality disorders are typified by relatively enduring, inflexible, and pervasive disturbances in how individuals experience and interpret themselves, others, and the world around them. The field of personality disorders is currently in a state of flux, with the recent transition from the fourth to the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's (APA's) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM‐5) and the arrival of the 11th edition of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD‐11). A better understanding of the relationship between personality disorder and crime is clearly required if effective prevention and treatment programs are to be developed. Outcome studies of treatments specifically for personality disorder in offender populations are scarce, and few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted. In practice, both mental health and criminal justice psychologists offer treatments that aim to ameliorate the symptoms of personality disorder and reduce the risk of offending.