Primary and secondary prevention strategies against illicit drug use among adults aged 18-25: a narrative review
Christodoulou, Nikos G.
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OBJECTIVESWe reviewed the literature for preventive programs against illicit drug use that specifically target adults aged 18-25 (i.e. emerging adults).METHODSNarrative review of preventive programs that have a high strength of recommendation according to the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) grading system.RESULTSPrevention programs that met the criteria are school and college based, family-based, community based, peer-led, workplace-based, and technology-based interventions. They target the known modifiable risk factors associated with illicit drug use among adolescents and young adults.CONCLUSIONThe preventive programs we reviewed are utilizing evidence-based strategies for the prevention of illicit drug use. Further research is needed to formulate new and effective preventive strategies for the reduction of illicit drug use by emerging adults.